#CountdowntoPlusOne: Glossary of Terms + Giveaway

Thursday, March 20, 2014

Hi everyone!

I forgot to mention in here that my Facebook page has become PLUS ONE central since March 9! One of my favorite authors, Elizabeth Fama has a new book entitled PLUS ONE coming out this April 8 from Farrar, Straus, Giroux (BYR). I have loved it (so much!!!) and what better way to up the ante of its release by doing a countdown? So since March 9 until its release date (and even after that), I will be posting terms found in PLUS ONE and their definitions and more sekrit stuff. Yes, Oops! I Read A Book Again is now PLUS ONE central and you will be able to find a glossary of terms here! All thanks to Beth!

So if you check out my page, you can see my daily posts. But I'm putting them all here now too, to be updated daily as well. Moreover, you can win a copy of PLUS ONE! So go check out the glossary and join the giveaway!

Plus One
Title: Plus One
Author: Elizabeth Fama
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux (BYR)
Date of Publication: April 8, 2014

Divided by day and night and on the run from authorities, star-crossed young lovers unearth a sinister conspiracy in this compelling romantic thriller.

Seventeen-year-old Soleil Le Coeur is a Smudge—a night dweller prohibited by law from going out during the day. When she fakes an injury in order to get access to and kidnap her newborn niece—a day dweller, or Ray—she sets in motion a fast-paced adventure that will bring her into conflict with the powerful lawmakers who order her world, and draw her together with the boy she was destined to fall in love with, but who is also a Ray.

Set in a vivid alternate reality and peopled with complex, deeply human characters on both sides of the day-night divide, Plus One is a brilliantly imagined drama of individual liberty and civil rights, and a fast-paced romantic adventure story.

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Apprenticeships
--In this alternate history, eighth graders are assigned part-time jobs after school in areas they excel and in fields they are eventually likely to work in. Students with no particular academic strengths or who are poor performers in school are assigned to manual labor or factory jobs.

Bio for Trees

--This is a high school basic biology class, which got its nickname because "you can be as dumb as a tree and still pass it."

Ciel Le Coeur

--Sol's brother, a programming expert who has been reassigned from Night to Day, and who hasn't seen Sol for two years.

Circadian rhythm

--The natural biological clock that has been observed in many living organisms. In humans, there are phase markers over a roughly twenty-four-hour cycle, including melatonin secretion of the pineal gland, core body temperature changes, and level of cortisol in the blood.

CircaDiem/Vitamin D

--Supplements (in pill form) that "Smudges," or night-dwelling people, take to maintain health in their sunlight-free lives. CircDiem is melatonin, to help induce drowsiness during the day, and vitamin D compensates for their lack of UV exposure.

Curfew

--Rays live from sunrise to sunset, while Smudges live from sunset to sunrise. The moment of sunrise is defined astronomically: when the upper limb of the sun breaks the plane of the horizon in the east. All cell phones count down to both curfews by tenths of seconds and sound an alarm bell.

D'Arcy Benoit

--The Day medical apprentice who treats Sol's injured finger at the hospital. His mother, Helene [acute accent on the first e, grave accent on the second e!], is his mentor. D'Arcy is talented at his work.

Day Pass/Night pass
--Important hospital staff have permanent passes that allow them to travel beyond curfew. However, they are still subject to random Hour Guard inspections.

Fifty-Ninth Street Pier
--A beautiful spot on the lakefront on the south side of Chicago, opposite the Museum of Science and Industry. In Plus One, the pier is the site of at least one important hostage negotiation.

Fitzroy
--D'Arcy's mother's mom's maiden surname. D'Arcy's mother uses it in the hospital to grant anonymity to VIP patients. It becomes the nickname of the Night Minister's baby.

Fleur
--Sol Le Coeur's newborn niece, whom she sets out to "kidnap" (if only for an hour or two) from the Day hospital.

fougueuse
--a French word that means "fiesty" or "spirited," and is used by one character to describe Sol. Also used by French speakers to refer to unbroken horses.

Fuzz
--The leader of the local Noma tribe, a gang that somehow operates outside of the law, including breaking curfew. Sol observes that Fuzz is like a small mountain and has hands the size of hams.

Gigi
--A member of a local Noma tribe, Gigi is as tough as nails. She swears, smokes, carries a switch blade, and has abdominal muscles like a weight lifter. But there's something tender beyond that rough facade. Gigi is the subject of the Tor.com short story "Noma Girl."

Global position software/credit functionality
--Every Smudge and Ray has a cell phone with his or her identity, school records, work history, and health status stored inside. The phones also locate them for authorities using GPS, and allow them to make purchases without carrying cash.

Harper Memorial Library
--A beautiful "concrete Gothic" building on the campus of the University of Chicago, where some of the actiony-est action of Plus One takes place.

Helene
--D'Arcy's mother and mentor, a Day medical doctor specializing in emergency medicine. She and her husband were born in France. D'Arcy was born in the U.S.

Hour Guard/Officer Dacruz
--Hour Guards enforce the mandatory curfew by checking the Day/Night designation on cell phones. They are allowed to stop anyone, at any time. Dacruz is the officer in charge of Sol's violation.

Hypnagogic twitch
--Also called a hypnic jerk, this is the involuntary spasm you sometimes experience when first falling asleep. Often accompanied by a split-second illusion of falling, or stumbling.

"I Don't Want to Set the World on Fire"/The Ink Spots
--Poppu's favorite song, made famous in the 1940s by a crossover Smudge band called The Ink Spots. Poppu plays it on a ukulele, which makes for a lighter, jauntier cover than the languid Ink Spots arrangement. Sol and Ciel swing dance to it in happier times.

Jean
--D'Arcy's dad: kind, free-spirited, French, scientific, suntanned, full of secrets.

Kizzie
--Ciel's new wife, a Ray, and the mother of their baby, Fleur. Kizzie is kind and calm, and provides much-needed balance to Ciel's intensity.

Maquoketa Caves State Park
--A beautiful but very tiny state park that I seem to have inflated beyond it's stature, given that my Norwegian reader Mari wants to travel to Iowa rather than the Grand Canyon or Yellowstone when she visits the U.S.! Maquoketa is charming--full of caves and nature--and only three hours away from Chicago.


Melatonin supresssion
--A technique that real-world researchers at the University of Chicago use to study the biorhythms of Siberian hamsters. Not recommended for humans.

Milky Way
--The barred spiral galaxy that contains our Solar System. To us it looks like a band of stars, because we're viewing its disk structure from within. If you haven't seen the Milky Way, please allow me to add it to your bucket list.

Morazan
--That would be the SS. Francisco Morazan, to you. This ship ran aground on a shoal off South Manitou Island, Michigan, in 1960. The wreckage is now a sort of eco-tourist site, since it has become a habitat for fish and nesting cormorants. Camping on South Manitou was something Sol, Ciel, and Poppu did in their younger days.

Mr. Thomas/Mr. Jones
--Undercover agents, or perhaps government-sanctioned thugs? Also known as Suits, because of their penchant for wearing crisp business attire, and their generally good grooming.

Mullet
--A hairstyle that is associated with the 1980s, but was worn as far back as the sixth century, and is clipped short at the front and sides but long in the back. Noma women all sport a black mullet. Noma men wear a bleached-blond crewcut.

Murmuration
--A large group of starlings. Thousands of birds will often fly in amazing, giant, cloud-like formations that are breathtaking and give you a whole new reason to rejoice in life! There's a moving video of one of these mass murmurations here.

Night Minister/Jacqueline Paulsen
--While the Federal government is run by Rays (Day people), the regional Night Ministers have limited local control. Jacqueline Paulsen is the ambitious, seemingly ruthless Night Minister in Sol's district.

Noma
--A semi-nomadic group, classified as hoodlums by both Smudges (night-dwellers) and Rays (day-dwellers), and who somehow seem to straddle the Day/Night divide. Sol's brother, Ciel, may have business ties to them. 

Non sequitur
--One of Sol's most endearing quirks, in my opinion. Because of her brutal honesty, she sometimes blurts out seemingly off-topic--but always powerful, raw, and heartfelt--comments.

Old resistance/new resistance
--Sol's parents were part of the old resistance against the Day/Night divide. Their group, like the radical Weathermen of the 1960s, used a campaign of bombings to try to start a revolution against the U.S. government. The new resistance, organized by Grady Hastings, is more of a peaceful resistance, in the style of Martin Luther King, Jr. or Mahatma Gandhi.

Pendant
--A necklace given to Sol by her brother, Ciel, and made of two parts: the sun and the moon.

Plus One (patient transport)
--A perquisite for medical doctors that allows them to transport sick patients within and to the hospital, beyond the patient's Day or Night curfew.

Poppu
--The maternal grandfather of Sol and Ciel. Poppu is Belgian, and moved to the U.S. to take care of his grandchildren, accepting Smudge designation in order to do so.

Puso
--The Tagalog (Filipino) word for "heart." Used by one of the characters in Plus One as a fictitious surname.

Remote programming
--The ability to re-program a cell phone when it's not in your possession.

"Share Space Fairly By Sharing Time Fairly"
--a slogan created by the Committee on Public Information to promote acceptance and understanding of the Day/Night divide. 

Smudge/Ray
--Slang terms for Night and Day people, used by both groups.

Sol
--Our main character! Sol is a Smudge, living with her dying grandfather. Her narration is sometimes raw and wounded, but she is always in command of her powerful feelings, despite the lack of command in her life.

Spanish Flu
--A pandemic that swept the globe in 1918-19, killing up to 100 million people. In Plus One, the population was divided into Day and Night during the second wave of the disease, to control the spread of illness and to provide relief to health care workers (with the addition of medical apprentices to boost staff). 

Starved Rock
--A state park about 100 miles west-northwest of Chicago, along the Illinois River. Sol and Ciel have been there many times with Poppu, who loves nature.

Steam tunnels
--A system of tunnels underground in some older U.S. cities, through which heat is channeled to buildings from a steam plant. 

Tarte au maton
--A delicately sweet dessert of Belgian origin that Poppu makes every year for Sol's and Ciel's birthdays.

The Odyssey/Telemachus
--An important book in Sol's practically-homeschooled education, given to her by Poppu on her thirteenth birthday. Sol sees parallels between Telemachus and her brother, Ciel.

Uncensored text/future text
--Clever cell-phone hacking tricks that Ciel has developed (and more importantly, cloaked) from authorities. An uncensored text is one that is sent without the government reading it; a future text is sent ahead of time, to be delivered on a particular day and time in the future unless called off with a passcode.

Zen
--A Noma boy who is a hacking prodigy, like Ciel. In fact, Ciel is Zen's idol. Because of his affection for Ciel, Zen also admires Sol.


Zinnie
--Zen's mother. A kind woman who is a hairdresser by trade, giving mullets and crewcuts to fellow Noma.


Zut
--A very mild French swear, similar to "shoot!" or "heck!" and something D'Arcy says when frustrated. 

***

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4 comments:

  1. Hey I like the new look!! (I'm not sure if it's newish or oldish...I haven't really been around for a while, eh? My bad!! >_<) I'm SO excited to read Plus One!! The cover is quite awesome too. :)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. It's out now! Please read it asap, Cait! Hihi.

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  2. Dear everyone,

    YOU HAVE TO READ THIS BOOK. IT'S SO FREAKIN AWESOME, YOUR EYES WILL HURT FROM CRYING BUT IT WILL BE ALL WORTH IT.

    I don't want to set the world on fire
    I just want to start a flame in your heart~

    <3 <3 <3

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Charlie!!!! <333333333333 Gah, I am so thankful and happy that you loved it as much as I did!

      Delete

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